Propecia is a medication that is formulated to incorporate Finasteride, which is a substance that influences the male hormones in a manner that allows the treatment of certain diseases. The main reason for which Propecia is prescribed is alopecia in men, which is also referred to as male pattern baldness or male-specific hair loss. This condition is believed to occur as a consequence of an excessive activity of male sexual hormones, and especially dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Compared to testosterone, which is the standard form of sexual hormones, DHT possesses a higher degree of activity, which may result in undesirable effects in the male body. One of these effects consists in making the hair follicles located on the scalp more fragile, which may lead to a gradual and bothersome hair loss or baldness. It appears that hair follicles are highly sensitive to high levels of sexual hormones, especially DHT. Another effect that is mainly a result of excessive androgenic activity in the male body consists in the hyperplasia or enlargement of the prostate, which is why Finasteride is also approved by physicians as a solid treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
DHT is chemically synthesized in the male body from testosterone, employing an enzyme called alpha reductase. If the concentration of this enzyme is high enough, a lot of DHT will be produced and released into the circulation where it may cause undesirable effects like BPH or alopecia. Propecia (Finasteride) functions as a potent alpha reductase inhibitor, which means that regular testosterone will be produced in sufficient amounts, but the synthesis of DHT will be inhibited. The low levels of DHT may translate into diminished symptoms and relief for men suffering from hair loss, but also from prostate enlargement. The fragile hair follicles can regenerate themselves since the negative action of DHT is stopped by the medication. The hair loss can be efficiently stopped and even partially reversed during the entire course of the treatment. In a similar manner, the prostate may reduce in size due to the absent negative stimulation caused by excessive levels of DHT. It may help diminish symptoms such as prostate inflammation, painful and frequent urination and restore the normal prostate function.
It is highly recommended to take Propecia only after consulting with your physician. It is a medication that exerts an impact on the male hormones, so the treatment should be carefully monitored. Although they are not very common, side effects with Propecia treatment are possible and may require dosage adjustment or the opinion of your doctor. They may include mild symptoms of a reduced concentration of sexual hormones, like mild gynecomastia, some muscle strength loss and abdominal discomfort. Your doctor may adjust the dosage to manage these unpleasant effects.